Church Farm

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Name House Name::Church Farm
Former Names House Name::
Hamlet Hamlet Name::Carlton
Street House Name::Carlton Green Road
Location House Location::52.15092, 0.39965
Built on or before year House Date::
Is the building Listed House Listed::No
When the house was rebuilt House Date::Not applicable
{{ #display_map: 52.15092, 0.39965 zoom=17 height=300 type=hybrid


House Introduction::

Photographs of Church Farm

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In the 1910 Land Tax records, Church Farm (no 340) was owned by Viscount Hampden, and occupied by Charles Long. The house and premises were taxed at 2 acres and 8 roods. The land was taxed at 496 acres and 2 roods. In addition there was part of Carlton Wood which was 9 acres and 1 rood.

Newspaper Articles

Death - Bury and Norwich Post, 2nd August 1881

DIED. On the 23rd ult., at Church Farm, Carlton, aged 7 months, ELLA MARGARET, infant daughter of LAWSELL LONG.

Donation to Addenbrooke's - Cambridge Independent Press, 30th June 1899

In a story about the finances of Addenbrooke's Hospital, it is mentioned a donation of 10s. from Church Farm, Carlton.

Carlton : Agricultural Depression. - Cambridge Independent Press, 11th December 1903

The statement of the affairs of Lawsell Long, a farmer, of Church Farm, Carlton, near Newmarket, who came up for his public examination showed that the liabilities expected to rank are £3,975 0s. 9d.; and the assets £1,843 13s 2d.; leaving a deficiency of £2,131 7s. 7d.

In reply to the Official Receiver the bankrupt stated that he began farming in 1875, when he took over the Church Farm at Carlton from the trustees of his father's estate. He took everything on the farm and paid for them on a valuation, which amounted to £7,000. Towards that he devoted his share in his father's will, which was about £5,000 and his late brother was kind enough to lend him the remainder of the money. He had not kept any books except corn stock books. He repaid his brother the greater portion of the loan about 1878, and it was soon after that his account first showed and overdraft at the bank. The overdraft at the present time was £1,200; it had been gradually going up every year, but it would have been less at the time of the receiving order had the corn been sold. The first time he found himself in difficulties was after the 1893 harvest, when wheat was sold for 16s. per quarter and barley for 18s. His friends helped him, and everything was paid off except the banking overdraft. He had never since been in a position to pay all his creditors and the bank in full. In incurring fresh debts he expected to be able to pay them when he realised his corn and stock. Since September 1st he admitted receiving for corn, etc., various sums amounting to very nearly £500. He added that they had been put in the bank with the exception of a little he had withheld for labour, but the Official Receiver pointed out that the pass book only credited him with having paid in about £350.

After a few more questions the examination was adjourned till the January sitting.

Sale at Church Farm - Cambridge Independent Press, 25th December 1903

In Bankruptcy and under a Distress for Rent. Re Mr. Lawsell Long. CHURCH FARM, CARLTON, AND GLEBE FARM, BRINKLEY, CAMBS. The whole of the Valuable Live and Dead Farming Stock, Comprising 31 HORSES, Viz.: 20 Cart Horses and Mares, 4 two-year-olds, 2 Yearlings, 2 Nags, a Thoroughbred Yearling Filly, a Pony and a Cart Foal. 12 HEAD OF CATTLE, Including 6 Cows, 2 Heifers, 2 Steers, and 2 Calves. 40 Head of SWINE and 11 SHEEP, Also 12 Carts, 2 Waggons, 2 Dogcarts, Hooded Wagonette, 4 Drills, 3 Binders by Hornsby, 8 h.p. Portable Engine by Burrell. Threshing Drum, 2 Elevators, 5-knife Chaff Cutter by Maynard, Seed Drawer, and the usual Implements for the Cultivation of 800 Acres.

To be sold by auction, at the CHURCH FARM, CARLTON, by Mr. J. Winship, On Wednesday, 6th January, 1904, at 10:30 o'clock punctually. On View the Morning of Sale. Catalogues may be had of the Auctioneer, Llandaff Chambers, 4, Regent-street, Cambridge.

Sale of Stock - Cambridge Independent Press, 1st January 1904

January 6, Wednesday - Sale of Farm Stock by Mr. J. Winship at Church Farm, Carlton at 10:30.

The affairs of a Carlton Farmer - Cambridge Independent Press, 22nd January 1904


The examination of Lawsell Long, farmer of Church Farm, Carlton, near Newmarket, which was opened in the December Court, was continued.

Debtor was examined by the Trustee as to what he had done with certain amounts of money, which had been received but not paid to the bank.

Examined by the Official Receiver, debtor said he was tenant of 16 acres of land which belonged to his brother at Carlton. He was not aware that he had ever been described as the owner of that land. The property belonged to the trustees under his father's will, and he had no interest in it. He had paid rent for it up to two years ago.

The examination was closed.

Sale cancelled - Cambridge Independent Press, 1st April 1904

Church Farm, Carlton, Cambs.


Messrs. CHALK

Auctioneers, 11, Alexandra-street, Cambridge, and Linton.

Bankrupt's application - Cambridge Independent Press, 20th June 1905


Lawsell Long, a bankrupt, formerly carrying on business as a farmer at Church Farm, Carlton, near Newmarket, made an application for his discharge. Mr A. J. Lyon, Cambridge, appeared for the applicant.

The Official Receiver (Mr. Cox) read his report on the case. It appeared that in his statement of affairs, liabilities expected to rank were set down at £3,975 0S. 9d. Proofs actually admitted amounted to £4,546 3s. 4d. His assets were estimated to produce £2,519 10s., and they realized £1634 3s. 2d. A first dividend of 4s. had been paid, and a second and final dividend of 6.5d, had been gazetted, but not yet paid. The Official Receiver submitted that bankrupt's assets were not of value equal to ten shillings in the £ on the amount of secured liabilities; that the bankrupt had omitted to keep such books of account as were usual in the business carried on by him, and as sufficiently disclosed his business transactions and financial position within the three years immediately preceding the bankruptcy ; that the bankrupt had continued to trade after knowing himself to be insolvent; that the bankrupt had contracted debts without having at the time any reasonable or probable ground of expectation of being able to pay them; and that the bankrupt had contributed to his bankruptcy by unjustifiable extravagance in living.

Mr. Lyon said they did not dispute the statements contained in the report, but to a large extent, they admitted of explanation. It was true that books of account were not kept except in respect of property sold and of wages, but few farmers kept books of the nature suggested by the Official Receiver. A farmer generally regarded his pass book as his ledger. Bankrupt farmed 1,200 acres, and a bad harvest made a great deal of difference to him. For three years before he failed, he got no profit at all, nor did any farmer he knew, but a good harvest would have made a great deal of difference to him, a difference of £1500. If the harvest of 1903 had been a good one, as it gave promise of being at one time, he would have been able to pay 20s. in the £. Bankrupt knew he was insolvent in January, 1903, but he looked forward to a good harvest to set him right. The Official Receiver reported that bankrupt was extravagant in living. Bankrupt admitted that for some part of the time he lived at the rate of £300 a year, but for the latter part of the three years he did not spend more than £100 a year. As to the account of £105 for beer and wines that has been mentioned, only £30 of that sum represented wines. The bankrupt only consumed a bottle or two of that, and the rest was available for the creditors, for whose benefit it had been realised. As to the beer, farmers generally paid their men at harvest and threshing times partly in beer and partly in money.

Bankrupt gave evidence bearing out his solicitor's statement. He said that the bad harvest of 1903 meant a loss to him of £1,400 or £1,500. The Official Receiver pointed out that even if he had made £1,400 he would still have had £1,400 he could not pay.

Mr. Lyon said the bankrupt had a contingent interest in an estate at Swavesey, which if he outlived his sister, would be worth about £400 a year to him.

Mr. Cox said that many bankrupts in the neighbourhood of Newmarket expected to come into a few thousands next time the Derby was run. (Laughter)

His Honor granted the application, the discharge to be suspended for two years.